Trees planted on grasslands and between fields in the “Juchowo Farm”
North-Western, Poland. Photo by Robert Borek
Limousin, Central France.
Silvoarable agroforestry under cork oak (Quercus suber)
near Portalegre, Portugal by João Palma
Collection of reindeer
Photo by Daana Fjällberg of the Njaarke Sami village
Alley cropping, Seabuckthorn & Buffaloberry, canola and alfalfa
Saskatchewan, Canada. Photo by Laura Poppy and Ron Gares
Knepp Re-Wilding Project
Sheep grazing vineyards (Vitipasture system)
South Portugal (by João HN Palma, ISA-UL)
Shaping the trees
Trees planted at wide spacing naturally develop a shorter trunk, with a greater tendency to a sinuous and forked shape. They often bear many vigorous lateral branches that can hamper the movement of agricultural machinery.