Will farmers lose their "area-based" payments if they plant agroforestry? What about existing trees on farms - is the crown area of these deducted from payments? What difference does it make if the trees are marked as "Landscape Features" in IACS/LPIS?
This briefing is a bit technical and includes text from several EU Regulations - but the key point is that Member States have huge flexibility. In the new CAP this is made explicit:
"Member States would have the leeway to ensure agricultural area under agroforestry is fully eligible when justified based on the local specificities (e.g. density/species/size of the trees and pedo-climatic conditions) and the value added by the presence of trees to ensure sustainable agricultural use of the land".